Cop has been mentioned in many books if only briefly, below are a few for all
researchers to consider. Please continue to send in references or any other
information you can.
following is from Edgar tooth's book the distinctive surnames of north Staffordshire
(Churnet valley books): - Mow Cop is important for a third reason - it is one
source of the surname Mole/moule/mowl in north Staffordshire, for early spellings
of the locality in the Tunstall manor court rolls comprise " moule"
in 1348, " mouhull " in 1362 and " mool "in 1512, whilst
in the parish registers at Wolstanton it occurs as " moll " in 1605
and as " mole " in 1694. These forms suggest a hill with a boundary
1851the Biddulph population census stated that Williamson's Row ( later Welsh
Row ) had 28 households and a population of 152 , for whom coal mining was the
almost exclusive economic base .
Also in the same census Congleton Edge and Mow Cop Edge housed a mainly industrial
community of miners in coal , stone and sand ; women worked in silk weaving
or domestic service . Here there were 38 inhabited houses with a population
of 210 .
Source . Biddulph ( By the Diggings )
A Local History .
Edited by Joseph Kennedy .
University of Keele Department of Adult Education .
Local History Publications , New Series No 2 .
Wedgwood (I) to Thomas Bentley, no date autumn 1767 (WE-E25-18188) from para
2 page 152 The Lunar Men, Jenny Uglow. Publ. faber and faber 2002 isbn 0-571-19647-0
talking about strata and lava and the fact fossils occurred in Harecastle Hill
but were found below the Coal Measures as though the strata had seemed to be
liquid 'and to have traveled along what was then the surface of the Earth. Something
like the Lava from Mount Vesuvius'
'and we have one great Hill, Mole Cop*, which seems to have been formed entirely
by them, as the mines are all turned by it, some to the East, & others to
the West. But I have done. I am got beyond my depth. These wonderful works of
Nature are too vast for my narrow, microscopic comprehension. I must bid adieu
top you for the present & attend to what better suits my small capacity,
the forming of a Jug or Teapot'
As so often, Wedgwood found a perfect image for the relation of the minute in
general, the trivial to the universal. (It was from this interest in geology
and in particular the Derbyshire flurospars that he was able to develop Jasper
ware bodies over 20 years later to the benefit of the Potteries. When he died
he left £25,000 from an initial wealth of £10. DW.)
Note the spelling of Mole as spoken in -1760. In a Welsh Dictionary for 'Mole/Moele'
and 'Cop'. Suggest an urgent study into local held names. not map names of fields
and places on the high areas and even over to the Cloud. Suggest look at 'Clawdd',
pronounce Clow-th....actually as in Offa's Dike its the cross-sectional shape
of the ditch being referred to as in the escarpment of The Cloud..not the high
point's specific peak name (my idea). These are barriers derived from the Roman
idea of a ditch to mark a site , ritual ploughing as done by the Etruscans...marks
the edge of military area on Hadrian's wall. The Vallum, a sort of enter over
this ditch at your peril..as indeed Offa's Dike was sort of like dog run boundaries
to aitrfields... Hen (see Welsh) Cloud, Thorpe (viking name for village) Cloud
plus all the Tors 9as in Dat moor Tors)..Celtic for Peak. Suggest prioritise
quest for complete name list working out from Mow Cop castle and aiming as a
project for older community reminiscences under Community Regeneration Project
Funding..ownership of facts revealed to be held in Trust by? "The Old Mow